Acknowledgements & Copyright

Copyright statement and conditions of use:

The copyright in this work is owned by The City of Glasgow College; Libraries and Learning Technologies at City of Glasgow College © – shared under a Creative Commons  ‘BY’ Licence


Under the terms of this ‘Attribution’ License, you are free to:

Share – copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format

Adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material

Use – For any purpose, even commercially

Conditions – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything this license permits.

NB parts of this guide and referenced works may require different conditions of use. These are indicated where possible; however it is the responsibility of the reader to comply with such requirements.

Author: John Casey. The moral rights of the author have been asserted.

Limitations of Indemnity

The information contained in this guide is to be used as general background information and is not to be relied on as definitive or comprehensive guidance in any particular circumstances. To the extent permitted by law, neither the author, their employer, City of Glasgow College, Jisc nor any contributors to this guide shall be liable to any person for any claims, costs, proceedings, losses, expenses, fees or damages whatsoever arising directly or indirectly from any error or omission (whether negligent or otherwise) contained in this report.


This guide is part of the outcomes of the CIT-eA project led by the City of Glasgow project and funded by Jisc the UK organisation that champions the use of technology in education and research. The work was undertaken between 2014 and 2015 as part of the Jisc ‘Further Education and Skills Development and Resource programme’. Thanks to the participating staff from the project partners, particularly to the teaching staff from the partner colleges’ who have contributed to the project at a time of large-scale change in the sector. Thanks to the project board for directions, support and insight during the project Thanks to Janvier Nkurunziza for the skills pyramid concept. Particular thanks are due to Lee Ballantyne, who conceived of the project and wrote the funding application, and to Jennifer Louden, the project director and City of Glasgow College librarian. Grateful thanks to Christine Wood (SQA), Celeste McLaughlin (Jisc) and Walter Patterson for feedback on the draft texts.

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